About the LaMancha Goat Breed
LaManchas are the only dairy goat breed developed in the United States. The first LaMancha goats were bred by Ms. Eula Fay Frey in California in the late 1920s. She later moved to Oregon to further develop the breed. LaManchas were officially recognized as a distinct breed on January 27, 1958. You can read more about the breed history on Wikipedia.
LaManchas are known for their production of tasty milk that is relatively high in butterfat content. (They typically rank third in line, with Nubians and Nigerian Dwarfs being higher.) They also tend to have very sweet, calm temperaments, making them ideal for a small homestead or farm.
By ADGA standards, a mature LaMancha doe should measure at least 28″ at the withers and weigh at least 130 pounds. Bucks should measure at least 30″ weigh 160 pounds.
LaManchas can be any color or pattern known in goats.
By far, the most distinct characteristic of the LaMancha is their short ear pinnae (the portion of the ear visible on the outside of the body). This ear shape is naturally occuring and their ears are never cut or cropped. LaManchas can have one of two ear types, as described by the ADGA:
Gopher ear: An approximate maximum length of 1 inch but preferably nonexistent and with very little or no cartilage. The end of the ear must be turned up or down.
Elf ear: An approximate maximum length of 2 inches is allowed, the end of the ear must be turned up or turned down and cartilage shaping the small ear is allowed.
LaMancha does may be registered with either ear type, and neither has any advantage over the other in showing. Bucks may only be registered with the Gopher ear type.